The EOSC Governance, as described in the Commission SWD Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud, relies on the interplay between three components:
- A structure to help ensure proper implementation and accountability (the ‘Executive Board’);
- An institutional group/body/entity (the ‘EOSC Board’) gathering the Member States and the Commission to ensure effective supervision of the implementation;
- A stakeholder representation to provide input from a wider range of actors (the ‘Stakeholders Forum’).
The Executive Board tasks shall be to:
- provide advice and support on the strategy, implementation, monitoring and reporting on the progress of the implementation of the EOSC as set out in the Staff Working Document on the Implementation Roadmap for the EOSC, notably in the form of:
- (i) a strategic implementation plan and annual work plans, and of a proposed mechanism for overseeing and steering the implementation of the strategic and annual work plans, and for monitoring and reporting on progress
- (ii) rules for participation to guide service provision and an action plan for scientific data interoperability to operationalise the FAIR principles
- provide recommendations on the appropriate mechanisms and possible forms for the EOSC governance after 2020 including business models and modes of financing, and on how the user base of the EOSC could be extended to the public sector and the industry.
The EOSC Board is an institutional group/body/entity gathering the Member States and the Commission to ensure effective supervision of the implementation. The EOSC Board has the following tasks:
- approving the list of the Executive Board members;
- deciding the strategic orientations for the EOSC (based on the advice of the Executive Board) and approving an annual work plan;
- assessing the progress of the EOSC implementation;
- ensuring coordination with relevant Member States/Commission initiatives;
- discussing new activities in support of the EOSC, including its long-term sustainability.
A broader Stakeholders Forum with an intelligence gathering and consultative role could act as a 'sounding board', bringing together scientific/user communities, research institutions, research infrastructures and e-Infrastructures, and specialised EU agencies.
In accordance with the Council Conclusions on EOSC, the governance framework will ensure the participation of stakeholders from the research community and effective involvement of all Member States, and will correspond to the following principles and criteria:
- Federation and interoperability of existing data infrastructures whilst respecting the governance and funding mechanisms of the latter;
- Clear and effective interrelations among the different bodies constituting the EOSC governance framework and in particular a clear definition of the roles of the Governance Board and of the Executive Board, assuring that both bodies have clearly defined tasks with the Governance Board overseeing the EOSC governance implementation;
- Objective and transparent criteria for selection and involvement of Member States and Associated Countries representatives and stakeholders, such as the large pan-European research infrastructures (RIs), public research organisations (PROs) and Universities in the Executive Board, working groups/subgroups and other relevant committees;
- Inclusiveness and openness, of the EOSC governance framework to ensure effective communication among doers and decision-makers; e.g. Development of a scientific expertise on EOSC.